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Syllabus  and   Information

These are  lectures and exams planned for the Fall Semester 2014. The chapters refer to the textbook (Ibach/Lüth, 4th Ed.).

Lecture 1

Logistics, topics,  syllabus
Highlights of solid state physics
Brief review of quantum mechanics
Wed. 9/3
Lecture 2
Chap 1
Chap 8.2
Chemical Bonding in Solids
What holds a solid together?  One- and two-electron wave functions
Strong bonding:  Covalent, ionic, metallic
Fri. 9/5
Lecture 3

Lecture 4
Chap 1
Weak bonding: Hydrogen bonding  and  van der Waals bonding
Bonding and electronegativity
Self-organization of hydrophilic and hydrophobic groups in "soft matter"
Mon. 9/8
Lecture 5
Chap 2
Structure of Solid Matter
The crystal lattice and its reciproval latttice, common crystal  structures
Wed. 9/10
Lecture 6
Chap 2 
The Many Forms of Carbon
Diamond, graphite, graphene, nanotubes, fullerenes, ...
Fri. 9/12
Lecture 7
Chap 2
Surface Structures
Broken bonds on silicon, superlattices, ionic surfaces
Mon. 9/15 
Lecture 8
Chap 2
Liquid crystals, LCD displays, quasicrystals,
alloys, eutectics, nanowire growth, crystal defects
Wed. 9/17
Lecture 9
Chap 3
Structure Determination by Diffraction
Overview, DNA diffraction pattern, protein crystallography
Fri. 9/19
Lecture 10
Chap 3
Reciprocal lattice, Brillouin zone, structure factor, form factor
Mon. 9/22 
 Lecture 11
Chap 4
Vibrations in Solids: Phonons
Phonon modes, experimental detection of phonons
Wed. 9/24 
  Review Exam 1   Fri. 9/26
  Exam 1   Mon. 9/29
Lecture 12
Chap 5
Chap 9.1
Excitations in Solids, Quasiparticles and their Quantum Numbers
Phase velocity and group velocity, effective mass, wave packets, solitons
Wed. 10/1 
Lecture 13
Quantum Well
Chap 5  
Chap 6.1
Density of States for Electrons and Phonons
Box Quantization, Quantized States in Thin Films and Nanotubes
Fri. 10/3
Lecture 14
Chap 5   
Chap 6.3
Thermal Properties
Thermal energy of a solid, heat capacity, classical and quantum statistics
Mon. 10/6
Lecture 15
Chap 5  
Chap 6.4
Heat capacity for phonons and electrons, phonon freeze-out
Thermal expansion, thermal conductivity  
Wed. 10/8
Lecture 16
Chap 7 
Electrons in Solids:  Bloch functions
Approximations for the E(k) band dispersion, "empty lattice solution"
Fri. 10/10
Lecture 17
Chap 7
Band structure of solids and their connection to the empty lattice solution:
Semiconductors versus metals, s,p- versus d-electrons
Mon. 10/13
Lecture 18
Chap 7
Panel V
Experimental determination of the band structure
Angle-resolved photoemission, inverse photoemission
Lecture 19
Chap 7
Measuring the density of states by X-ray absorption/emission spectroscopy
Use of synchrotron radiation
Fri. 10/17
Lecture 20
Chap 8
Magnetism:  Magnetic fields in a solid
Magnetic susceptibility, types of magnetism, magnetic energy
Lecture 21
Chap 8
Explanation of paramagnetism, ferromagnetism, antiferromagnetism
The magnetic exchange interaction
Lecture 22
Chap 8
Magnetic domains, hysteresis, permanent magnets
Magnetostriction and piezoelectricity
Fri. 10/24
Lecture 23
Chap 8
Panel VII
Magnetoelectronics (spintronics), magnetic data storage,
giant magnetoresistance (GMR), superparamagnetism
Mon. 10/27 
Lecture 24
Chap 8
Magnetic resonance, MRI
Wed. 10/29
  Review Exam 2   Fri. 10/31
  Exam 2   Mon. 11/3
Lecture 25
Chap 9.5
Panel XIV
Electron Transport
Conductivity and mobility, Hall effect
Wed. 11/5
Lecture 26 Panel XVI
Chap 9.9
Two-dimensional electron gas in a magnetic field, Landau levels
Quantum Hall effect, flux quantum, conductance quantization
Fri. 11/7
Lecture 27
Chap 10
What causes superconductivity ?  Is the resistance truly zero ?  Why ?
Cooper pairs and their quantum numbers, the gap of superconductors
High temperature superconductors (HiTc)
Mon. 11/10
Lecture 28
Chap 10
Panel X
BCS theory of superconductors, what determines Tc and the gap ?
Penetration depth and coherence length, Type I and Type II superconductors
London equations, Ginzburg-Landau equation
Josephson junctions and SQUID
Wed. 11/12
Lecture 29
Chap 10
Panel IX
Slides on superconductivity:
Periodic Table of superconductors, Meissner effect, measuring the gap
Flux quantization, flux tubes in Type II supersonductors
Superconducting devices:  HiTc, Josephson junction, SQUID
Fri. 11/14
Lecture 30/31
Chap 11
Dielectric Properties
The dielectric "constant" as a function of the photon energy
Modeling by resonances, transverse and longitudinal modes
Mon. 11/17
Lecture 30/31
Chap 11
Panel XI
Plasmonics, photonics, cloaking
Wed. 11/19
Lecture 32
Chap 12
Band structure of semiconductors, band gap, effective mass, mobility
Carrier density vs. temperature and doping, screening and the Debye length
Fri. 11/21
Lecture 33
Solar Cells
Chap 12
Semiconductor junctions:  pn, heterojunction, metal-semiconductor
Drawing and calculating  band diagrams of  junctions
Applications:  photodiode, solar cell, quantum well laser
Lecture 34
Chap 12
Field-effect transistor (FET), CMOS, DRAM, Flash memory, CCD
Thanksgiving  break  Fri.11/28
Lecture 35 Chap 12 Two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG)
Mon. 12/1
Lecture 36   Single electron transistor (SET), Coulomb blockade, single-electron qbit
Wed. 12/3

  Lab visit
Fri. 12/5

  To be announced Mon. 12/8
   Review Exam 3   Wed. 12/10
  Exam 3 Usual classroom and time  Fri. 12/12


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