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Syllabus  and   Information

These are  lectures and exams planned for the Spring Semester 2014. The chapters refer to the textbook (Ibach/Lüth, 4th Ed.).

Lecture 1

QuantumMech
 
Overview
Logistics, topics,  syllabus
Highlights of solid state physics
Brief review of quantum mechanics
Wed. 1/22
Lecture 2
Chap 1
Chap 8.2
Chemical Bonding in Solids
What holds a solid together?  One- and two-electron wave functions
Strong bonding:  Covalent, ionic, metallic
Fri. 1/24
Lecture 3
Lecture 4
Chap 1
Weak bonding: Hydrogen bonding  and  van der Waals bonding
Self-organization of hydrophilic and hydrophobic groups in "soft matter"
Mon. 1/27
Lecture 5
Chap 2
Structure of Solid Matter
The crystal lattice, common crystal  structures, bond lengths
Wed. 1/29
Lecture 6
Chap 2 
The Many Forms of Carbon
Diamond, graphite, graphene, nanotubes, fullerenes, ...
Fri. 1/31
Lecture 7
Chap 2
Surface Structures
Broken bonds on silicon, superlattices, ionic surfaces
Mon. 2/3 
Lecture 8
Chap 2
Liquid crystals, LCD displays, quasicrystals,
alloys, eutectics, nanowire growth, crystal defects
Wed. 2/5
Lecture 9
Chap 3
Structure Determination by Diffraction
Overview, DNA diffraction pattern, protein crystallography
Fri. 2/7
  Review Exam 1   Mon. 2/10
Lecture 10
Chap 3
Reciprocal lattice, Brillouin zone, structure factor, form factor
Wed. 2/12 
  Exam 1
Fri. 2/14
Lecture 11
Chap 4
Atomic vibrations in Crystals, Phonons
Phonons in one dimension, phonon modes, measuring phonons
Mon. 2/17
Lecture 12
Chap 5
Chap 9.1
Excitations in Solids, Quasiparticles and their Quantum Numbers
Phase velocity and group velocity, effective mass, wave packets, solitons
Wed. 2/19 
Lecture 13
Quantum Well
Chap 5  
Chap 6.1
Density of States, Box Quantization, Quantum Well States
Density of states for phonons and electrons, Debye temperature
Fri. 2/21
Lecture 14
Chap 5   
Chap 6.3
Thermal Properties
Thermal energy of a solid, heat capacity, classical and quantum statistics
Mon. 2/24
Lecture 15
Chap 5  
Chap 6.4
Heat capacity for phonons and electrons, phonon freeze-out
Thermal expansion, thermal conductivity  
Wed. 2/26
Lecture 16
Chap 7 
Electrons in Solids
Bloch function, the wave function of electrons in solids
Approximations for the E(k) band dispersion, "empty lattice solution"
Fri. 2/28
Lecture 17
Chap 7
Bands in typical solids and their connection to the empty lattice solution:
Semiconductors, simple metals, metals with d-electrons
Mon. 3/3
Lecture 18
Chap 7
Panel V
Experimental determination of the band structure
Angle-resolved photoemission, inverse photoemission
Wed. 3/5 
Lecture 19
Chap 7
Measuring the density of states by X-ray absorption/emission spectroscopy
Use of synchrotron radiation
Fri. 3/7
Lecture 20
Chap 8
Magnetism
Magnetic fields in solids, magnetic energy, susceptibility, types of magnetism
Mon. 3/10
Lecture 21
Chap 8
Explanation of paramagnetism, ferromagnetism, antiferromagnetism
The magnetic exchange interaction
Wed. 3/12 
Lecture 22
Chap 8
Magnetic domains, hysteresis, permanent magnets
Magnetostriction and piezoelectricity
Fri. 3/14
Lecture 23
Chap 8
Panel VII
Magnetoelectronics (spintronics), magnetic data storage,
giant magnetoresistance (GMR), superparamagnetism
Mon. 3/24 
Lecture 24
Chap 8
Magnetic resonance, MRI
Wed. 3/26 
  Review Exam 2   Fri. 3/28
  Exam 2   Mon. 3/31
Lecture 25
Chap 9.5
Panel XIV
Electron Transport
Conductivity and mobility, Hall effect
Wed. 4/2
Lecture 26 Panel XVI
Chap 9.9
Two-dimensional electron gas in a magnetic field, Landau levels
Quantum Hall effect, flux quantum, conductance quantization
Fri. 4/4
Lecture 27
Chap 10
Superconductivity
What causes superconductivity ?  Is the resistance truly zero ?  Why ?
Cooper pairs and their quantum numbers, the gap of superconductors
High temperature superconductors (HiTc)
Mon. 4/7
Lecture 28
Chap 10
Panel X
BCS theory of superconductors, what determines Tc and the gap ?
Penetration depth and coherence length, Type I and Type II superconductors
London equations, Ginzburg-Landau equation
Josephson junctions and SQUID
Wed. 4/9
Lecture 29
Chap 10
Panel IX
Slides on superconductivity:
Periodic Table of superconductors, Meissner effect, measuring the gap
Flux quantization, flux tubes in Type II supersonductors
Superconducting devices:  HiTc, Josephson junction, SQUID
Fri. 4/11
Lecture 30/31
Chap 11
Dielectric Properties
The dielectric "constant" as a function of the photon energy
Modeling by resonances, transverse and longitudinal modes
Mon. 4/14
Lecture 30/31
Chap 11
Panel XI
Plasmonics, photonics, cloaking
Wed. 4/16
Lecture 32
Chap 12
Semiconductors
Band structure of semiconductors, band gap, effective mass, mobility
Carrier density vs. temperature and doping, screening and the Debye length
Fri. 4/18
Lecture 33
Chap 12
Semiconductor junctions:  pn, heterojunction, metal-semiconductor
Drawing and calculating band diagrams for a diode, LED, solar cell
Mon. 4/21
Lecture 34
Chap 12
Field-effect transistor (FET), CMOS, DRAM, Flash memory, CCD
Wed. 4/23
Lecture 35 Chap 12 Two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG)
Fri. 4/25
Lecture 36   Single electron transistor (SET), Coulomb blockade, single-electron qbit
Mon. 4/28

  Lab visit
Wed. 4/30

  Visit a local hi-tech company Fri. 5/2

  To be announced Mon. 5/5
   Review Exam 3   Wed. 5/7

Exam 3
(usual time and classroom)
Fri. 5/9




 

 
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